There’s a new TTB Cider FAQ out. We’ve touched on Washington Cider Law in the past, but the feds play an important role in it too. Just today, TTB has provided helpful insight to the growing craft cider industry. Here’s a link to the new TTB Cider FAQ, with six bullet points from us below covering more notable stuff, especially for those comparing regs on the cider side with things on the beer side. Different worlds, but we help with both sides at Reiser Legal.
1. Cider is a wine, we know that. It’s not a malt beverage under the law.
2. From TTB’s labeling standpoint, to call a product just “cider” it has to come from fermented apples and optionally contain added sugar, water, or alcohol. Anything else, it’s not just “cider.” Fortunately, when you submit your formula, TTB will provide a suggested statement of composition to help you, and you can always designate a fanciful name on the label, so long as it’s not misleading.
3. If your cider contains less than 7% ABV, you do not need a COLA. This stems back from the TTB/FDA regulatory authority divide we’ve discussed in the past. If your cider is 7% to 24% ABV, you need that COLA to ship in interstate commerce, as you’re subject to TTB authority. Notably, Washington is going to want that COLA to get your project on the shelves here. Either way, even if you don’t need to obtain a COLA, if the cider leaves the premises, it still has to comply with certain basic labeling requirements.
4. Because cider is a wine, 7%+ ABV cider is subject to TTB’s standards of fill. That means 12oz packages (like the cans we know and love to see on the shelves) are no good for cider at that ABV. Below 7%, it’s all good. Notably also, as long as you’re shipping wine in containers above 18L (4.75G), you don’t have to comply with TTB’s standards of fill. Here are some standards of fill, which feel pretty arbitrary but it’s a reg so what do you expect:
- 3 liters
- 1.5 liters
- 1 liter
- 750 mL
- 500 mL
- 375 mL
- 187 mL
- 100 mL
- 50 mL (just a sip at 1.6907!)
5. If you’re only making cider below 7% ABV, you don’t need a basic TTB permit. Keep in mind, you’re still subject to applicable federal authority, and your local liquor board (in Washington, the Liquor Control Board) more than likely has its own sets of permitting requirements and onerous regs.
6. If your cider has CO2 in it (technically about .392g CO2/100mL, be careful. If CO2 is coming from secondary fermentation in a closed vessel (like a bottle), it’s considered “sparkling.” But, if you’re injecting CO2, it’s artificially carbonated so it has to be labeled as such. Note that sparkling/carbonated wines are taxed at higher rates. Speaking of tax, there are all kinds of nuances with respect to how you’d be going about your cider business.
The takeaway on the TTB Cider FAQ:
Regulations are really confusing, inconsistent among industries, and you might be subject to a completely different set of regulations depending on how much alcohol is in your project. For anyone thinking about starting a cidery in Washington State, we’re happy to help you wade through these tricky regulations. We’ll post further resources for cideries on the blog soon.